A Complete Guide to Farm Fencing

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A Complete Guide to Farm Fencing

  • 07 Jul 2022
  • Posted By S K Weldedmesh

So, you’re planning to fence your farm?


The process is much more than just about hiring a few people and getting things done. This is your property and your money. Not only do you want high-quality work but also ensure it doesn’t burn your pockets. This is why it’s essential to get involved in the process yourself and take care of every detail – right from the type of fence you choose to locating the fencing posts.


In this guide, we’ll cover the basics of farm fencing. Let’s get started!


Map out the fencing plan


Using a topographical map, mark out all fence lines, lanes, and corners of your farm.


Fence lines should be at least four feet high. You may need to adjust the height if there are any dips or rises in the land. If you’re installing the fence for security reasons, the height would usually be much higher.


Mark out where gates should be located at all entrances. Decide whether you want one gate for multiple driveway entrances or two separate ones for each driveway entrance (one for vehicles, one for animals).


If you plan to have gates that open both ways, mark them accordingly (for example, a one-way gate with a lever to open it from either side).


This is the planning stage where you would take care of all the details before moving forward to install the fence. This is where you would also fulfill any legal requirements of fencing. In certain places, you may have to take permission for fencing from local authorities and submit documents. This is especially true if you’re planning to install an electric fence or if any underground utility runs through your land.


Choose a good fencing material


Based on your distinct needs and requirements, the type of fencing material you choose may vary. But before that, you should ideally have a basic understanding of the different types of fencing materials. Here are some of the common options:


1) Welded Wire Fencing

This type is a top choice for many farmers because of its low cost, easy installation and maintenance, and ability to withstand all types of weather. Welded wire fencing is made with steel wire that has been welded together to form the fence. This type of fencing is galvanized to prevent rust and gives it a rustic appearance. It can be used both around the perimeter of your property, as well as along field edges and waterways.


2) Electric Fencing

Electric fences are another great option for smaller farms where there isn’t much space available for other types of fencing material. These fences are often used on smaller farms to keep dogs in their yard or protect crops from deer or rabbits that are trying to eat them. Electric fences provide a safe way to keep pets away from certain areas without using any chemicals or sprays that could harm them in any way. They can also be used as part of an escape-proof barrier around gardens or crops so that your animals aren’t able to get into those areas.


3) Barbed Wire Fencing

Barbed wire fencing is a traditional fence material that is still widely used today. It is a popular choice for farm fencing. It’s inexpensive and relatively easy to install, and it provides good protection against animals and intruders. Barbed wire is available in several types: woven wire, solid strand, and welded strands. Woven wire has a mesh of steel wires that are woven together to form a barrier. The solid strand consists of individual strands of barbed wire that are not woven together. Welded strands consist of two layers—a bottom layer of barbed wire and a top layer made from galvanized steel.


4) Woven Wire Fencing

Woven wire fencing is made up of many thin strands of steel or aluminum wire that are tightly woven together. This type of fencing is more expensive than other materials, but it is durable and easy to maintain. It can also be painted with a variety of colors to blend in with your landscape or property’s surroundings. Woven wire offers good resistance to both wind and animals. It’s also less likely than barbed wire to rust or deteriorate due to weather conditions such as rain or snow.


5) Wooden Fencing

Wooden fences are often used for privacy and security purposes, but they are also a great choice for livestock and wildlife management. Wooden posts are easy to install, but they can be temporary if the purpose is to keep animals out of an area temporarily. Wood is a porous material that easily absorbs moisture from the ground, so it will rot faster if left standing in wet areas.


Steps to Install Fencing on Your Farm


1) Bring together all the tools

The first thing you need to do is gather all the tools you’ll need for this project. This includes a shovel and a posthole digger because we’re going to dig holes for our fence posts. You’ll also need some wire cutters and pliers, as well as a hammer and nails.


2) Dig holes and set posts

Once you’ve gathered all your equipment, it’s time to get started. First, dig out a hole that’s about 6 inches deep in an area of your property where you want to put your fence. Next, put in one post at each corner of the area where you’re digging and drive a nail into each one with your hammer (make sure they’re driving them straight in!). Finally, fill in the hole around the posts with dirt so they’re not visible from outside your property.


3) Install rails to the posts

Rails are the posts you’ll use for your fence. Ensure that each post is at least three inches in diameter, and about 30 feet apart. You’ll also need a string line so you can mark the exact location of your posts. A string line is a continuous line that you create with a piece of twine attached to a stick.


4) Attach pickets to the rails

Before you attach pickets, make sure they’re straight and plumb (that is, level). Using a post driver, drive 3-inch-long nails through each picket into each post. You’ll probably need two people to do this job; one person holds the picket while another drives in the nail. If your fence has two or more rows of posts, be sure to space them far enough apart so that each row has room for two or three pickets.


5) Install the gate

Once you have installed your pickets, install your gate. You can use any type of gate that works well with your fencing system, but remember that if you are installing an open-style gate, make sure that there is no way for small animals or children to get through it.


Final words

Unless you have experience in installing fences, it’s best to have experts by your side who can help you with everything. Be involved in the process; supervise. But let professionals take care of your farm fencing project. They can do a much better job, ensuring the outcome is superior quality fencing that adequately checks the purpose why you had it installed.

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